In the field of scientific writing for academic purposes, it is important that literature reviews are accurately penned to describe the outline of a given research paper. Due to the complexity and delicacy of scientific subjects, a lot of research, as well as attention needs to be adhered to when writing such papers. That being said, we will be providing plenty of instructions and tips regarding literature review outline examples, as well as what you should include within a literature review.
What Should You Write About or Include in Your Review?
When it comes to writing a scientific literature review outline, there are some vital parts of the review that should not be ignored. That being said, here are some vital features that need to be included on how to do a scientific literature review, and failing to include them might be submitting an unfinished review altogether!
- The topic/problem being addressed – If you’ve been given the exact thesis of your scientific literature review example, then well and good. However, in the event that your professor has given you something broad to discuss, it would be vital that you do plenty of research on a credible thesis/problem, then select it for your review.
- The limitations and strengths of the study in question – You need to analyze what the advantages and disadvantages of the particular study are in terms of writing the thesis. If there are advantages, then you can capitalize on that. If there aren’t any, then you should proceed to work on a thesis that holds plenty of information to work with.
- How you approach the thesis – It is vital in your scientific literature review format to mention how you approached the thesis. You can choose to approach it either in a clinical, interpretive, experimental, or theoretical manner. And whichever choice you make, you should ensure that it’s the best approach.
- The methods of experimentation – While approaching the study, did you select a method that fully reaps the benefits of data analysis? If so, clearly indicate how you did so.
- Conclusion – Do you believe the conclusion you have come up with is feasible enough to complement the data that you have? If that’s the case, then you can have confidence in the conclusion that you have hypothesized from the data you collected.
- Contributing to your field of study – Last but not least, you should ask yourself whether the literature review that you have written contributes to your field of study. If you feel it strongly does, and especially in a unique way, this is a sure sign that what you have written is of great value.
The Different Formatting Styles You Can Use with Your Literature Review
There are different formatting styles you can use when writing your scientific literature review paper, which are as follows:
- APA – APA is an abbreviation for the American Psychology Association. This referencing format is mostly used when students are writing scientific literature review examples based on a scientific topic, more specifically, social and behavioral sciences. Social sciences are those that turn their attention to human behavior. These include Linguistics, Archeology, Human Geography, Political Science, Economics, Anthropology, Sociology. While behavioral sciences are those that deal with the analysis of human behavior and animal behavior. They include the likes of Neuroscience, Cognitive Science, Psychology.
- MLA – MLA is an abbreviation for Modern Language Association. This organization is responsible for the formatting rules regarded as MLA. The rules were developed as a way for scholars, students, and researchers alike in the fields of language and literature to format their assignments and papers uniformly. That being said, though MLA has been used mainly by literature and languages, it has begun to gain traction in other branches of Academia as well.
- IEEE referencing – IEEE is an abbreviation that stands for the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering. This referencing style has become the accepted format when it comes to writing a literature review in science that concentrates on the technical space, specifically electrical engineering and computer science.
Tips on How to Write an Amazing Literature Review
Here are some subtle tips that you can use in the next literature review that you plan to write:
- Be precise – Confusion and ambiguities in your dissertation literature reviews can cause a lot of problems in your literature review. That being said, it would be wise to get your facts right to prevent your reader from failing to grasp the key concepts of the journal, publication that you have. As a matter of fact, you should use precise formal language, stay away from the likes of metaphors and similes. Additionally, where it is necessary, ensure you include quantitative content (such as numbers and stats).
- Be clear – Tying to precision, it is vital that you be clear with language. Unless required, avoid jargon and ensure your grammar and sentence structure is accurate. This one of the most vital tips on how to write a literature review for science research.
- Be objective – Your content should be based on facts, and avoid emotional biases at all costs. Additionally, steer clear from sweeping statements and assumptions as well. If you have research limitations, don’t fail to mention them in the review.
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